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Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Programming

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Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Programming

This 5 day course is intended for students new to querying and programming with Microsoft SQL Server products and who need a total immersion in the subject on the SQL Server 2014 platform. This is a comprehensive and intensive course with plenty of illustrated examples and augmented with practical hands-on exercises. All of the recently added and enhanced Transact-SQL features introduced in SQL Server (such as Window Functions) are included here to enable delegates to fully leverage the power of this latest release of Microsoft’s flagship database product. To cater for the more experienced SQL Server developer, this course can also be tailored to include only the material required.

Students should ideally be familiar with basic programming concepts. They should also understand the fundamental design of relational databases including, but not restricted to, the purpose of primary and foreign keys, entity relationships, and data normalization.

Upon successful completion of the full course, students will be able to:

 

  • Identify the Primary Components of a Typical SQL Server 2014 Installation
  • Identify the Tools Available in SQL Server 2014
  • Use SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
  • Understand the Components of Transact-SQL (T-SQL)
  • Retrieve, Filter and Sort Data
  • Work with the Native SQL Server Data Types
  • Use Variables
  • Work with SQL Server Date and Time Data
  • Query Data from Multiple Tables by Using Joins
  • Summarize and Group Data
  • Use Window Functions for Ranking and Aggregating Data
  • Combine and Limit Result Sets
  • Work with Subqueries
  • Use Crosstab Queries
  • Use Common Table Expressions
  • Modify Data with INSERT, DELETE and UPDATE
  • Merge Data with the MERGE Statement
  • Understand and Implement Transactions
  • Understand SQL Server Locks
  • Understand SQL Server Indexes
  • Understand Query Performance Issues
  • Create and Manage Views
  • Control the Flow of Program Execution
  • Create and Implement Stored Procedures
  • Handle Errors and Exceptions
  • Create and Implement User Defined Functions
  • Create and Implement Triggers

1. Introduction to SQL Server Management Studio

Identify the Tools and Components of SQL Server

Identifying the Elements of SSMS

Objects in a SQL Server Database

Synonyms

Database Diagrams

Components of a SQL Server Database Table

 

2. Introduction to SQL and Transact-SQL

ANSI-SQL and Transact-SQL (T-SQL)

Categories of SQL Statements

T-SQL Scripts

Using Batches

Adding Comments to T-SQL Code

 

3. Using the SELECT Statement to Retrieve Data

Examine the Basic Syntax of the SELECT Statement

Using String Literals and Expressions

Retrieving Columns of Data from a Table

Using Aliases for Column Names

 

4. Filtering Rows of Data with the WHERE Clause

How to Use the WHERE Clause

Overview of Operators

Filter Data by Using Comparison Operators

Filter Data by Using String Comparisons

Filter Data by Using Logical Operators

Filter Data Using a Range of Values

Filter Data Using a List of Values

Filter Data with NULL Values

 

5. Formatting and Sorting Result Sets

Sorting Data Using the ORDER BY Clause

Eliminating Duplicate Rows with DISTINCT

Introducing Native SQL Server Functions

Functions Relating to NULL Values

Using the CASE Expression

 

6. Working with SQL Server Data Types

Native SQL Server Data Types

Working with Variables

Data Type Precedence

Implicit Data Type Conversions

Explicit Data Type Conversion Functions

Querying and Modifying Date and Time Data

Native SQL Server Date and Time Functions

 

7. Querying Data from Multiple Tables Using Joins

Introduction to Joins

Using Inner Joins

Using Outer Joins

Using Cross Joins

Using Aliases for Table Names

Joining More than Two Tables

Joining a Table to Itself (Self Join)

Using Non-Equi Joins

 

8. Summarizing Data Using Aggregate Functions

Using Aggregate Functions Native to SQL Server

Using Aggregate Functions with NULL Values

Grouping Summarized Data with GROUP BY

Filtering Grouped Data Using the HAVING Clause

Using the ROLLUP and CUBE Operators

Using GROUPING SETS

 

9. Window Functions

Aggregate Window Functions

Ranking Functions

Analytic Window Functions

 

10. Combining and Limiting Result Sets

Combining Result Sets Using the UNION Operator

Using the EXCEPT and INTERSECT Operators

Using UNION, EXCEPT, and INTERSECT Together

Limiting Result Sets Using the TOP Operator

Using OFFSET/FETCH NEXT Filters

Using the TABLESAMPLE Operator

 

11. Working with Subqueries

Introduction to Subqueries

Using Subqueries as Expressions and Derived Tables

Using Correlated Subqueries

Using EXISTS with Correlated Subqueries

Using the APPLY Operator

Temporary Tables

 

12. Crosstab Queries

Using the PIVOT Operator

Using the UNPIVOT Operator

 

13. Common Table Expressions

Introduction to Common Table Expressions

Using Common Table Expressions

Recursive Queries Using Common Table Expressions

 

14. Inserting Data into Tables

Inserting a Single Row into a Table

Inserting Multiple Rows into a Table

Inserting Values into Identity Columns

The SEQUENCE Object

Differentiating Various INSERT Statements

Using the OUTPUT Clause with INSERT

 

15. Deleting Data from Tables

Deleting Rows from a Table

Truncating a Table

Deleting Rows Based on Data in Other Tables

Using the OUTPUT Clause with DELETE

 

16. Updating Data in Tables

Updating Rows in a Table

Updating Rows Based on Data in Other Tables

Using the OUTPUT Clause with UPDATE

 

17. Merging Data

The MERGE Statement

Practical Examples of Using MERGE

 

18. Transactions and Locking

What Is a Transaction?

How SQL Server Modifies Data in Tables

Managing Transactions

Nested Transactions

Transaction Isolation Levels

SQL Server Locking Architecture

Managing Locks

 

19. Query Performance Considerations

How SQL Server Processes T-SQL Queries

Execution Plans

Dynamically Generating T-SQL Code

Understanding SQL Server Index Architecture

Creating and Using Non-Clustered Indexes

Creating and Using Clustered Indexes

Writing Efficient Search Arguments

 

20. Implementing Views

Overview of Views

Creating and Modifying a View

Considerations When Creating Views

Examining the Impact of Using SELECT * in Views

Restrictions for Modifying Data by Using Views

Indexed Views

Partitioned Views

 

21. Controlling Program Execution

Control-of-Flow Language Statements

Logical Functions

 

22. Implementing Stored Procedures

Overview of Stored Procedures

How Stored Procedures Are Executed by SQL Server

Creating and Using a Stored Procedure

Parameterising Stored Procedures

Returning Values from a Stored Procedure

Using Table Valued Parameters (TVPs)

Controlling Execution Context

 

23. Error Handling

Using @@ERROR

Using RAISERROR

Using TRY…CATCH

Using the THROW Statement

 

24. Implementing User Defined Functions

Overview of User Defined Functions (UDFs)

Creating and Modifying UDFs

Restrictions When Creating UDFs

Implementing Different Types of UDFs

 

25. Implementing Triggers

Overview of Triggers

How Triggers Work

AFTER Triggers

INSTEAD OF Triggers

Overview of DDL Triggers

 

Appendix 1. Querying Metadata

Understanding Metadata

Querying Metadata by Using Views

Querying Metadata by Using Stored Procedures

Querying Metadata by Using Functions

Metadata Discovery in SQL Server

 

Appendix 2. Distributed Queries

Ad Hoc Distributed Queries

Linked Servers

Distributed Queries Against Linked Servers